Are You Suffering From Ingrown Toenails?

If left untreated, an ingrown toenail can lead to more serious concerns, such as an infection. Knowing proper nail care can help in the prevention of an ingrown toenail. Give us a call, and get treated!

Why the Bottom of Your Feet May Hurt

If you have pain in the bottom of your feet, you may be wondering why that is. You might be feeling sharp pains or throbbing soreness. Given how complex the feet are and the many bones, joints, muscles, and ligaments they have, there are many reasons this can happen. One possibility is that you are experiencing symptoms of flat feet. This is the foot condition when the entire sole touches the ground. The types of flat feet are flexible and rigid flat feet. Flexible flat foot is the most common and occurs when the foot is only flat when weight is put on it. Rigid flat foot is flat whether weight is put on the foot or not. This latter type of flat feet may be from the tarsal coalition, which is an ailment where bones have grown together. Additionally, congenital conditions or arthritis may lead to having flat feet. The correct treatment depends on the type of flat foot you have. Relief may be found by stretching the foot, strengthening the arch, or wearing orthotics. Surgery may also be a possibility for permanent relief. If you have flat feet and they are causing you pain, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for an evaluation and a proper treatment plan.

Flatfoot is a condition many people suffer from. If you have flat feet, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Are Flat Feet?

Flatfoot is a condition in which the arch of the foot is depressed and the sole of the foot is almost completely in contact with the ground. About 20-30% of the population generally has flat feet because their arches never formed during growth.

Conditions & Problems:

Having flat feet makes it difficult to run or walk because of the stress placed on the ankles.

Alignment – The general alignment of your legs can be disrupted, because the ankles move inward which can cause major discomfort.

Knees – If you have complications with your knees, flat feet can be a contributor to arthritis in that area.  


  • Pain around the heel or arch area
  • Trouble standing on the tip toe
  • Swelling around the inside of the ankle
  • Flat look to one or both feet
  • Having your shoes feel uneven when worn


If you are experiencing pain and stress on the foot you may weaken the posterior tibial tendon, which runs around the inside of the ankle. 

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Flatfoot

Eczema on the Feet

Dyshidrotic eczema, also referred to as dyshidrosis or pompholyx, is a skin condition that causes blisters to develop on the soles of the feet. Those afflicted with this ailment know how debilitating it can be. Blisters often appear as tiny red and raised bumps that merge to cover large areas of the feet. These blisters are often itchy, painful, and filled with fluid. They may ooze pus if they become infected. They can be brought on by genetics, an allergy, extreme weather conditions, or stress. The cause of this condition is unknown. This condition typically begins between 20 to 40 years of age. It can affect children, but it is rare. While the blisters can heal on their own in a month’s time, they can leave the skin of the feet dry and peeling. Red and itchy skin on the feet can be from other things, and if you have these symptoms, it is strongly suggested that you visit a podiatrist for a diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

Blisters may appear as a single bubble or in a cluster. They can cause a lot of pain and may be filled with pus, blood, or watery serum. If your feet are hurting, contact Dr. Castillo of Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters are often the result of friction. This happens due to the constant rubbing from shoes, which can lead to pain.

What Are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.


(Blister symptoms may vary depending on what is causing them)

  • Bubble of skin filled with fluid
  • Redness
  • Moderate to severe pain
  • Itching

Prevention & Treatment

In order to prevent blisters, you should be sure to wear comfortable shoes with socks that cushion your feet and absorb sweat. Breaking a blister open may increase your chances of developing an infection. However, if your blister breaks, you should wash the area with soap and water immediately and then apply a bandage to the affected area. If your blisters cause severe pain it is important that you call your podiatrist right away.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Blisters

Symptoms and Causes of Foot Stress Fractures

A common cause of foot pain is a stress fracture, which is a hairline crack in the bone. It is generally thought of as an overuse injury, and it is particularly common among runners and other athletes involved in high-impact sports. Another cause is doing too much, too soon when your body is not in shape. Poor or incorrect training habits may also lead to the development of stress fractures. In addition, footwear that lacks proper cushioning and arch support may be a factor. Gradual pain during weight-bearing activity is a sign of a stress fracture. This discomfort usually subsides after resting the foot or ceasing the activity. For that reason, a stress fracture may easily go unnoticed. Other symptoms include swelling on the top of the foot, tenderness to touch, and in some cases, bruising. Further, a stress fracture may cause sharp pain when taking a step. It can take up to two months for a stress fracture to heal. During that time it is thought wise to switch to non-weight-bearing activities, such as swimming, for exercise. For help with stress fractures of the foot, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist. 

Activities where too much pressure is put on the feet can cause stress fractures. To learn more, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep your pain free and on your feet.

Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Stress fractures occur in the foot and ankle when muscles in these areas weaken from too much or too little use.  The feet and ankles then lose support when walking or running from the impact of the ground. Since there is no protection, the bones receive the full impact of each step. Stress on the feet can cause cracks to form in the bones, thus creating stress fractures.

What Are Stress Fractures?

Stress fractures occur frequently in individuals whose daily activities cause great impact on the feet and ankles. Stress factors are most common among:

  • Runners                                  
  • People affected with Osteoporosis
  • Tennis or basketball players
  • Gymnasts
  • High impact workouts


Pain from the fractures occur in the area of the fractures and can be constant or intermittent. It will often cause sharp or dull pain with swelling and tenderness. Engaging in any kind of activity which involves high impact will aggravate pain.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Dealing with Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle

Dealing With Ankle Sprains and Strains

It can be easy to confuse strains and sprains because both can cause ankle pain. An ankle sprain is the result of overstretching a ligament. This can happen to anyone, but is especially common among those involved in strenuous physical activity. A strain is the tearing of a muscle or tendon. Strains and sprains frequently occur in tandem, as the result of a sudden injury to the ankle joint. The ankle joint is a complex structure involving bones, ligaments, tendons, and muscles that work together to allow the body to move and absorb the stress of that movement. If too much weight is applied or the joint is stretched too far, injuries to any of the elements of the ankle joint can occur. Sprains and strains can range from a slight tear to a complete rupture. Treatment is dependent on the severity of the injury, as is recovery time. In most cases, healing from an ankle injury is likely to take months. If you have experienced an ankle injury, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an exam, a diagnosis, and a course of treatment.

Although ankle sprains are common, they aren’t always minor injuries. If you need your ankle injury looked at, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains are the result of a tear in the ligaments within the ankle. These injuries may happen when you make a rapid shifting movement while your foot is planted. A less common way to sprain your ankle is when your ankle rolls inward while your foot turns outward.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Pain at the sight of the tear
  • Bruising/Swelling
  • Ankle area is tender to touch
  • In severe cases, may hear/feel something tear
  • Skin discoloration

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

In many cases, the RICE method (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevate) is used to treat ankle sprains. However, you should see a podiatrist to see which treatment option would work best with your injury. In severe cases, surgery may be required.

It is important to ask your doctor about rehab options after you receive treatment for your injury. Stretching, strength training, and balance exercises may help the ankle heal while also preventing further injury.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Three Grades of Ankle Sprains

Are Bunions Affecting Your Everyday Life?

Have you noticed a bony protrusion on the side of your big toe? If so, you may have developed the foot condition known as a bunion. Don't let bunions interfere with your daily activities.

Pregnancy Can Cause Swollen Feet

The feet are often affected during pregnancy. Many pregnant women can have difficulty fitting into their shoes, and may have to consider purchasing larger sizes. The added weight during this time may cause the feet to flatten and roll inward, which is referred to as overpronation. Swollen feet and ankles are common side effects of pregnancy. This can happen from the extra blood and fluids the fetus requires for growth, and it can pool in the lower extremities. There are various methods that can be implemented which may help to reduce swollen feet. These can consist of elevating the feet as often as possible and limiting sodium intake. It is beneficial to engage in a gentle exercise program, in addition to drinking plenty of water daily. If you are pregnant and are concerned about the changes in your feet, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can answer any questions you may have.

Pregnant women with swollen feet can be treated with a variety of different methods that are readily available. For more information about other cures for swollen feet during pregnancy, consult with Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs.

What Foot Problems Can Arise During Pregnancy?

One problem that can occur is overpronation, which occurs when the arch of the foot flattens and tends to roll inward.  This can cause pain and discomfort in your heels while you’re walking or even just standing up, trying to support your baby.  

Another problem is edema, or swelling in the extremities. This often affects the feet during pregnancy but tends to occur in the later stages. 

How Can I Keep My Feet Healthy During Pregnancy?

  • Wearing orthotics can provide extra support for the feet and help distribute weight evenly
  • Minimize the amount of time spent walking barefoot
  • Wear shoes with good arch support
  • Wear shoes that allow for good circulation to the feet
  • Elevate feet if you experience swelling
  • Massage your feet
  • Get regular, light exercise, such as walking, to promote blood circulation to the feet

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Foot Care for Pregnant Women

Foot Wound Care

One of the most serious types of wounds on the feet is a foot ulcer. Ulcers can be common among diabetic patients and prompt medical attention is often sought to help prevent an infection. Treatment can begin with removing dead tissue, which is referred to as debridement. This is followed by dressing the wound using sterile gauze pads and antibiotic cream if the wound is infected. Many people who are diabetic can develop neuropathy, the inability to feel existing cuts on the feet. If left unnoticed, a foot ulcer can easily develop and may require more extensive forms of treatment. These types of wounds often take several weeks or months to heal and the dressing may need to be changed daily. If you have diabetes, it is strongly suggested that you speak with a podiatrist who can treat existing wounds and help you manage this condition. 

Wound care is an important part in dealing with diabetes. If you have diabetes and a foot wound or would like more information about wound care for diabetics, consult with Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

What Is Wound Care?

Wound care is the practice of taking proper care of a wound. This can range from the smallest to the largest of wounds. While everyone can benefit from proper wound care, it is much more important for diabetics. Diabetics often suffer from poor blood circulation which causes wounds to heal much slower than they would in a non-diabetic. 

What Is the Importance of Wound Care?

While it may not seem apparent with small ulcers on the foot, for diabetics, any size ulcer can become infected. Diabetics often also suffer from neuropathy, or nerve loss. This means they might not even feel when they have an ulcer on their foot. If the wound becomes severely infected, amputation may be necessary. Therefore, it is of the upmost importance to properly care for any and all foot wounds.

How to Care for Wounds

The best way to care for foot wounds is to prevent them. For diabetics, this means daily inspections of the feet for any signs of abnormalities or ulcers. It is also recommended to see a podiatrist several times a year for a foot inspection. If you do have an ulcer, run the wound under water to clear dirt from the wound; then apply antibiotic ointment to the wound and cover with a bandage. Bandages should be changed daily and keeping pressure off the wound is smart. It is advised to see a podiatrist, who can keep an eye on it.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Wound Care

Tips for Preventing Falls in Older Adults

Statistics show that falls among seniors are the leading cause of death from injury in that age group. For this reason, preventing falls in older adults is imperative. Start with safety-proofing the home. Remove scatter rugs and clear pathways. Improve lighting and remove long wires that can easily be tripped over. Install grab bars and use non-skid mats in bathrooms. Doing exercises to improve balance also can help prevent falls. Wearing shoes with non-slip soles and avoiding walking barefoot are two more preventative measures. Some medication has side effects that cause dizziness or changes to blood pressure, so it is a good idea to discuss alternatives. Having regular vision checkups is important to make sure prescriptions are up to date. Seniors who are frail or have mobility issues may wish to use a device, such as a walker, walking stick, or cane, to keep them upright, especially at night. For more information on methods that may help to prevent falling, it is suggested that older adults and their families seek the counsel of a podiatrist.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Falls Prevention

When Does Clubfoot Develop?

A common congenital foot condition is known as clubfoot. It is a birth defect that causes the infant’s foot to turn inward, forcing the bottom of the foot to face sideways. It happens during pregnancy and is a result of shortened tendons in the legs. Clubfoot is divided into two categories, and isolated clubfoot can also be referred to as idiopathic clubfoot, which is the most common type. Non-isolated clubfoot may be associated with additional health problems such as spina bifida or other defects of the brain. Research has shown clubfoot is caused by genetics or environmental factors, and the chances of this developing may increase with baby boys. Additionally, pregnant moms who smoke may double the chances of having a child that is born with clubfoot. This condition is generally diagnosed during pregnancy by having an ultrasound performed, which can help the parents to decide on a treatment when the baby is born. If you have determined your unborn child may have this condition, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can examine your child soon after birth and help you to decide on a successful treatment method.

Congenital foot problems require immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Castillo of Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Congenital foot problems are deformities affecting the feet, toes, and/or ankles that children are born with. Some of these conditions have a genetic cause while others just happen. Some specific foot ailments that children may be born with include clubfeet, polydactyly/macrodactyly, and cleft foot. There are several other foot anomalies that can occur congenitally. What all of these conditions have in common is that a child may experience difficulty walking or performing everyday activities, as well as trouble finding footwear that fits their foot deformity. Some of these conditions are more serious than others. Consulting with a podiatrist as early as possible will help in properly diagnosing a child’s foot condition while getting the necessary treatment underway.

What are Causes of Congenital Foot Problem?

A congenital foot problem is one that happens to a child at birth. These conditions can be caused by a genetic predisposition, developmental or positional abnormalities during gestation, or with no known cause.

What are Symptoms of Congenital Foot Problems?

Symptoms vary by the congenital condition. Symptoms may consist of the following:

  • Clubfoot, where tendons are shortened, bones are shaped differently, and the Achilles tendon is tight, causing the foot to point in and down. It is also possible for the soles of the feet to face each other.
  • Polydactyly, which usually consists of a nubbin or small lump of tissue without a bone, a toe that is partially formed but has no joints, or an extra toe.
  • Vertical talus, where the talus bone forms in the wrong position causing other bones in the foot to line up improperly, the front of the foot to point up, and the bottom of the foot to stiffen, with no arch, and to curve out.
  • Tarsal coalition, when there is an abnormal connection of two or more bones in the foot leading to severe, rigid flatfoot.
  • Cleft foot, where there are missing toes, a V-shaped cleft, and other anatomical differences.
  • Macrodactyly, when the toes are abnormally large due to overgrowth of the underlying bone or soft tissue.

Treatment and Prevention

While there is nothing one can do to prevent congenital foot problems, raising awareness and receiving neonatal screenings are important. Early detection by taking your child to a podiatrist leads to the best outcome possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Congenital Foot Problems

Connect With Us