Rugby and Foot Injuries

In the world of rugby, players frequently grapple with the physical demands of their sport, including that associated with tackles and rapid bursts of running. These actions place immense strain on the feet and ankles, crucial for balance and propulsion in scrums or while evading tackles. Proper form is paramount, especially when deadlifting and squatting. In junior and adolescent rugby, common foot related issues include Osgood-Schlatter's and Sinding-Larsen-Johansson syndrome, which cause knee pain, as well as Sever's disease, leading to heel discomfort. Shin splints and ankle sprains are also prevalent. Senior rugby players encounter additional concerns such as forefoot pain, calf and hamstring tears, and conditions that can include plantar fasciitis and Achilles tendon pain. Preventing and treating these issues involves assessments, tailored treatments, and analyzing movement patterns. It is also beneficial to address structural problems, and incorporate strength programs and balance training. Treatments range from strapping and having footwear assessments to orthotics and advanced rehabilitation techniques. If you or your child plays rugby, and especially if either one of you has endured a foot or ankle injury, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for further advice and necessary treatment.

Sports related foot and ankle injuries require proper treatment before players can go back to their regular routines. For more information, contact Dr. Castillo of Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Sports Related Foot and Ankle Injuries

Foot and ankle injuries are a common occurrence when it comes to athletes of any sport. While many athletes dismiss the initial aches and pains, the truth is that ignoring potential foot and ankle injuries can lead to serious problems. As athletes continue to place pressure and strain the area further, a mild injury can turn into something as serious as a rupture and may lead to a permanent disability. There are many factors that contribute to sports related foot and ankle injuries, which include failure to warm up properly, not providing support or wearing bad footwear. Common injuries and conditions athletes face, including:

  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciosis
  • Achilles Tendinitis
  • Achilles Tendon Rupture
  • Ankle Sprains

Sports related injuries are commonly treated using the RICE method. This includes rest, applying ice to the injured area, compression and elevating the ankle. More serious sprains and injuries may require surgery, which could include arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery. Rehabilitation and therapy may also be required in order to get any recovering athlete to become fully functional again. Any unusual aches and pains an athlete sustains must be evaluated by a licensed, reputable medical professional.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Complications of Cracked Heels

Cracks in the heels occur due to damage to the skin's protective outer layer. This layer normally retains moisture in the skin through natural oils. However, when this barrier is compromised by things like ill-fitting shoes, harsh weather, or an inadequate diet, moisture escapes. Consequently, the skin becomes dry, brittle, and rigid. Over time, the pressure of one’s body weight causes the skin to split and bleed, resulting in varying sizes and depths of cracks. The discomfort associated with cracked heels stems from the exposure of sensitive lower skin layers, easily irritated by the environment, and prone to snagging on socks or clothing. While cracked heels are primarily a cosmetic concern, in severe cases, deep cracks that bleed can raise the risk of infection. This is particularly concerning for individuals with underlying medical conditions like diabetes, where severe skin damage or infection is a higher risk. To alleviate the pain of cracked heels, rehydration to restore the skin's protective barrier is key. Applying moisturizer daily and cushioning the feet with comfortable shoes and padded insoles can aid in the healing process. If you suffer from persistent or worsening cracked heels, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for treatment.

Cracked heels are unsightly and can cause further damage to your shoes and feet. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Cracked Heels

Cracked heels appear unappealing and can make it harder for you walk around in sandals. Aside from looking unpleasant, cracked heels can also tear stockings, socks, and wear out your shoes. There are several methods to help restore a cracked heel and prevent further damage.

How Do You Get Them?

Dry skin is the number one culprit in creating cracked heels. Many athletes, walkers, joggers, and even swimmers suffer from cracked heels. Age and skin oil production play a role to getting cracked heels as well.

Promote Healing

Over the counter medicines can help, especially for those that need instant relief or who suffer from chronic dry feet.

Wear Socks – Wearing socks with medicated creams helps lock in moisture.

Moisturizers – Applying both day and night will help alleviate dryness which causes cracking.

Pumice Stones – These exfoliate and remove dead skin, which allows for smoother moisturizer application and better absorption into the skin. 

Change in Diet

Eating healthy with a well-balanced diet will give the skin a fresh and radiant look. Your body responds to the kinds of food you ingest. Omega-3 fatty acids and zinc supplements can also revitalize skin tissue.

Most importantly, seek professional help if unsure how to proceed in treating cracked heels. A podiatrist will help you with any questions or information needed. 

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Dealing With Overlapping Toes

An overlapping toe, whether in adults or newborns, is a common condition with varying causes. In adults, overlapping toes can result from heredity, ill fitting shoes, and different forms of arthritis, including rheumatoid. Biomechanics, such as overpronation or tight calf muscles are other possible causes. Foot conditions, such as bunions, flat feet, hammer toes, and high arches, may cause overlapping toes to develop. Factors such as age and foot injuries can worsen this condition. Overlapping toes can also affect newborns, typically involving the pinky toe overlapping the fourth toe. Genetics and fetal position in the womb can contribute to this condition too. Complications of overlapping toes include pain, corns, calluses, bursitis, and metatarsalgia. Prompt treatment is essential to prevent these complications and to ensure proper alignment of the toes. Non surgical measures include proper shoe fitting, toe separators, and maintaining a healthy body weight. In some cases, surgery may be an option. If you are experiencing overlapping toes, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.

Toe pain can disrupt your daily activities. If you have any concerns, contact Dr. Castillo of Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Causes Toe Pain?

Most severe toe pain is caused due to a sports injury, trauma from dropping something heavy on the toe, or bumping into something rigid. Other problems can develop over time for various reasons.

Toe pain can be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Trauma
  • Sports injury
  • Wearing shoes that are too tight
  • Arthritis
  • Gout
  • Corns and calluses
  • Hammertoe
  • Bunions
  • Blisters
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Sprains
  • Fractures (broken bones)
  • Dislocations

When to See a Podiatrist

  • Severe pain
  • Persistent pain that lasts more than a week
  • Signs of infection
  • Continued swelling
  • Pain that prevents walking

Diagnosis

In many cases the cause of toe pain is obvious, but in others, a podiatrist may want to use more advanced methods to determine the problem. These can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatments for toe pain and injuries vary and may include shoe inserts, padding, taping, medicines, injections, and in some cases, surgery. If you believe that you have broken a toe, please see a podiatrist as soon as possible.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

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Common Causes of a Broken Ankle

A broken ankle, a distressing and often unexpected injury, can significantly disrupt daily life. Numerous factors can lead to this type of fracture, reminding us of the intricate vulnerability of our feet. Accidents and falls are among the primary culprits, especially when landing awkwardly or with force. High impact sports and activities, marked by sudden twists or impacts, also pose a risk. Osteoporosis is a medical condition that can weaken bones, making them more susceptible to fractures from even minor impacts. Recognizing these triggers is crucial for preventing broken ankles. Employing protective gear, wearing proper footwear, and implementing cautious movement can collectively contribute to foot safety. A broken ankle is painful and generally happens immediately. If you have endured this type of injury, it is suggested that you confer with a podiatrist who can effectively diagnose and treat a broken ankle.

Broken ankles need immediate treatment. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet. 

Broken Ankles
A broken ankle is experienced when a person fractures their tibia or fibula in the lower leg and ankle area. Both of these bones are attached at the bottom of the leg and combine to form what we know to be our ankle.

When a physician is referring to a break of the ankle, he or she is usually referring to a break in the area where the tibia and fibula are joined to create our ankle joint. Ankles are more prone to fractures because the ankle is an area that suffers a lot of pressure and stress. There are some obvious signs when a person experiences a fractured ankle, and the following symptoms may be present.

Symptoms of a Fractured Ankle

  • Excessive pain when the area is touched or when any pressure is placed on the ankle
  •  Swelling around the area
  •  Bruising of the area
  • Area appears to be deformed

If you suspect an ankle fracture, it is recommended to seek treatment as soon as possible. The sooner you have your podiatrist diagnose the fracture, the quicker you’ll be on the way towards recovery.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Do Your Child's Feet Hurt?

Have your child's feet been examined lately? Healthy feet are happy feet. If your child is complaining of foot pain, it may be a sign of underlying problems.

Definition and Causes of a Foot Stress Fracture

Foot stress fractures are common injuries that can significantly impact daily life and physical activities. It's essential to understand the basics of these fractures to prevent and manage them effectively. Stress fractures occur due to repetitive stress on the bones, often seen in athletes and runners, especially those who suddenly increase their activity levels. They are tiny cracks in the bone that can be difficult to detect initially, as symptoms may start mild and gradually worsen. Common signs include localized pain, swelling, and tenderness in the affected area. Resting and elevating the affected foot is crucial in the early stages of managing a stress fracture. Seeking prompt medical attention and avoiding weight-bearing activities can prevent further damage. Wearing proper footwear, implementing gradual exercise progression, and incorporating rest days into the routine are essential preventive measures. Understanding foot stress fractures empowers individuals to take proactive steps in maintaining foot health and avoiding potential complications. If you have a foot stress fracture, it is suggested that you speak to a podiatrist who can effectively treat this condition.

Stress fractures occur when there is a tiny crack within a bone. To learn more, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain free and on your feet.

How Are They Caused?

Stress fractures are the result of repetitive force being placed on the bone. Since the lower leg and feet often carry most of the body’s weight, stress fractures are likely to occur in these areas. If you rush into a new exercise, you are more likely to develop a stress fracture since you are starting too much, too soon.  Pain resulting from stress fractures may go unnoticed at first, however it may start to worsen over time.

Risk Factors

  • Gender – They are more commonly found in women compared to men.
  • Foot Problems – People with unusual arches in their feet are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Certain Sports – Dancers, gymnasts, tennis players, runners, and basketball players are more likely to develop stress fractures.
  • Lack of Nutrients – A lack of vitamin D and calcium may weaken the bones and make you more prone to stress fractures
  • Weak Bones – Osteoporosis can weaken the bones therefore resulting in stress fractures

Stress fractures do not always heal properly, so it is important that you seek help from a podiatrist if you suspect you may have one. Ignoring your stress fracture may cause it to worsen, and you may develop chronic pain as well as additional fractures.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Tips for Foot Care and Maintenance

Our feet are the foundation of our mobility, and practicing everyday foot care is essential for overall well-being. Healthy feet can be maintained when practical tips are followed. It is crucial to wear shoes that fit correctly and have adequate room for the toes to move freely. Daily hygiene can begin with washing the feet daily with soap and water and ensuring they are thoroughly dried to prevent bacterial and fungal infections. The skin can feel good when the feet are frequently moisturized, focusing on the heels and soles. Additionally, ingrown toenails may be prevented when the toenails are trimmed correctly. Foot muscles and flexibility may be improved with regular foot exercises such as toe curls and ankle circles. Excess weight can strain your feet, and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce the risk of foot problems. If you would like more information about effective foot care routines, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist. 

Everyday foot care is very important to prevent infection and other foot ailments. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Everyday Foot Care

Often, people take care of their bodies, face and hair more so than they do for their feet. But the feet are a very important aspect of our bodies, and one that we should pay more attention to. Without our feet, we would not be able to perform most daily tasks.

It is best to check your feet regularly to make sure there are no new bruises or cuts that you may not have noticed before. For dry feet, moisturizer can easily be a remedy and can be applied as often as necessary to the affected areas. Wearing shoes that fit well can also help you maintain good foot health, as well as making it easier to walk and do daily activities without the stress or pain of ill-fitting shoes, high heels, or even flip flops. Wearing clean socks with closed shoes is important to ensure that sweat and bacteria do not accumulate within the shoe. Clean socks help to prevent Athlete’s foot, fungi problems, bad odors, and can absorb sweat.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Symptoms That May Indicate Gout

Gout is an inflammatory condition that causes extreme pain in the joints and is particularly common in the big toe. Patients with gout suffer from hyperuricemia, an overabundance of uric acid in the bloodstream. Uric acid then crystallizes, forming sharp, short needles that settle in the joint and cause extreme pain. Anyone can suffer from gout, but it is more common among men over the age of 30. Risk factors for gout are genetics, alcohol use, and a diet rich in foods that contain a high level of purines. These include red meat, seafood, and beverages made with alcohol or large amounts of sugar. The top indicator of gout in the big toe is severe pain. This may come on suddenly and typically occurs at night. The intense pain can linger for days. Swelling, tenderness, and redness are also hallmarks of gout. The skin on the toe may begin to peel and then become itchy and flaky. It also may begin to feel hot to the touch. In some cases, a low-grade fever develops, along with flu-like symptoms. If you believe you may have gout in the big toe, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who can offer treatment options.  

Gout is a foot condition that requires certain treatment and care. If you are seeking treatment, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

What Is Gout?

Gout is a type of arthritis caused by a buildup of uric acid in the bloodstream. It often develops in the foot, especially the big toe area, although it can manifest in other parts of the body as well. Gout can make walking and standing very painful and is especially common in diabetics and the obese.

People typically get gout because of a poor diet. Genetic predisposition is also a factor. The children of parents who have had gout frequently have a chance of developing it themselves.

Gout can easily be identified by redness and inflammation of the big toe and the surrounding areas of the foot. Other symptoms include extreme fatigue, joint pain, and running high fevers. Sometimes corticosteroid drugs can be prescribed to treat gout, but the best way to combat this disease is to get more exercise and eat a better diet.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Understanding and Managing Pincer Nails

Pincer nails occur when the nail plate excessively curves, pinching the surrounding skin. They are also known as trumpet nails and are the most painful type of ingrown toenail. Unlike classic ingrown toenails, which affect one side of the big toe, pincer nails can develop on any toenail and roll into the skin on both sides of the nail plate. This condition causes discomfort and can feel like a splinter or glass as the nail digs into the skin. If left untreated, it can lead to redness, tenderness, inflammation, and even infection. Pincer nails can be caused by genetics, tight shoes, and improper toenail cutting. The elderly and pregnant women are more prone to this issue. Relief can be achieved by straightening the toenail, and in some cases, surgery may be necessary. If you are experiencing pincer nails, it is strongly suggested that you seek treatment from a podiatrist.

Ingrown toenails may initially present themselves as a minor discomfort, but they may progress into an infection in the skin without proper treatment. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Dr. Castillo of Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails are caused when the corner or side of a toenail grows into the soft flesh surrounding it. They often result in redness, swelling, pain, and in some cases, infection. This condition typically affects the big toe and may recur if it is not treated properly.

Causes

  • Improper toenail trimming
  • Genetics
  • Improper shoe fitting
  • Injury from pedicures or nail picking
  • Abnormal gait
  • Poor hygiene

You are more likely to develop an ingrown toenail if you are obese, have diabetes, arthritis, or have any fungal infection in your nails. Additionally, people who have foot or toe deformities are at a higher risk of developing an ingrown toenail.

Symptoms

Some symptoms of ingrown toenails are redness, swelling, and pain. In rare cases, there may be a yellowish drainage coming from the nail.

Treatment

Ignoring an ingrown toenail can have serious complications. Infections of the nail border can progress to a deeper soft-tissue infection, which can then turn into a bone infection. You should always speak with your podiatrist if you suspect you have an ingrown toenail, especially if you have diabetes or poor circulation.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Why Live with Pain and Numbness in Your Feet?

Suffering from this type of pain? You may have the foot condition known as Morton's neuroma. Morton's neuroma may develop as a result of ill-fitting footwear and existing foot deformities. We can help.

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