Space in a Good Pair of Shoes

Although many shoe shoppers are primarily concerned with finding a fashionable pair of shoes that suits their specific style preferences, this might not be the best way to go about shoe shopping. First and foremost, shoes must fit the foot properly and comfortably. One critical aspect of what makes a shoe fit properly is the amount of space in the toe box. As a general rule, it is not a good idea for your toes to be pressed up against the front of the shoe. It is important to remember that your feet move around while you are in motion (walking, running, etc.), and so you need sufficient room in the toe box to account for this foot movement. So the next time that you are out shoe shopping and are trying a new pair of shoes on, you might consider moving around in them and noticing if you can feel the tips of your toes touching the front of the shoe. If you do, select a shoe with a larger toe box. Contact a podiatrist for more tips on proper shoe fitting.

Finding a properly-fitting shoe is important in reducing injuries and preventing foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

A common concern when it comes to foot health, having properly fitted shoes can help prevent injuries to the foot. Out feet affect our posture and gait, which in turn affects the biomechanics and overall bodily structure. With 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments, the potential for serious injury is much greater than one realizes. Although the feet cease growth in adulthood, they still change shape as they mature. Here are some factors to consider when it comes to investing in proper fitting shoes:

  • Be sure the shoes fit correctly right away
  • Ensure the ball of your foot fits comfortably in the widest portion of the shoes
  • Even though they may look fashionable, improper fitting shoes can either create adverse conditions or exacerbate existing ones you may already have
  • Walk along a carpeted surface to ensure the shoes comfortably fit during normal activity

Keeping in mind how shoes fit the biomechanics of your body, properly-fitting shoes are vitally important. Fortunately, it is not difficult to acquire footwear that fits correctly. Be sure to wear shoes that support the overall structure of your body. Do your feet a favor and invest in several pairs of well-fitted shoes today.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Burn Blisters

Many people will develop a blister at one point in their lives due to repeated friction. For example, when wearing an ill-fitting pair of shoes, the material of the shoes might rub against the skin in an uncomfortable way, sometimes creating a blister. Burn blisters, however, develop not in response to friction but in order to protect an area of the skin that has been burned. For instance, a burn blister may develop on the foot after it has suffered a sunburn or second-degree burn of some kind. If you have a burn blister on your foot due to a second degree burn, seek out medical assistance immediately. This is especially true if you notice that there is swelling, redness, or pus around the blister. Of course, it is always important to resist the urge to pop a burn blister, because this increases the likelihood of developing an infection. Contact a podiatrist today for more information about burn blisters.

Blisters are prone to making everyday activities extremely uncomfortable. If your feet are hurting, contact Dr. Castillo of Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Foot Blisters

Foot blisters develop as a result of constantly wearing tight or ill-fitting footwear. This happens due to the constant rubbing from the shoe, which can often lead to pain.

What Are Foot Blisters?

A foot blister is a small fluid-filled pocket that forms on the upper-most layer of the skin. Blisters are filled with clear fluid and can lead to blood drainage or pus if the area becomes infected.

How Do Blisters Form?

Blisters on the feet are often the result of constant friction of skin and material, usually by shoe rubbing. Walking in sandals, boots, or shoes that don’t fit properly for long periods of time can result in a blister. Having consistent foot moisture and humidity can easily lead to blister formation.

Prevention & Treatment

It is important to properly care for the affected area in order to prevent infection and ease the pain. Do not lance the blister and use a Band-Aid to provide pain relief. Also, be sure to keep your feet dry and wear proper fitting shoes. If you see blood or pus in a blister, seek assistance from a podiatrist.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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What Can Cause Bunions?

A bunion is a common foot condition that affects millions of people worldwide, and it is considered to be a deformity. Many people can develop a bunion from genetic reasons, or from wearing shoes that do not have enough room for the toes to move freely in. It is noticeable as a bony lump that gradually forms on the side of the big toe, and larger shoes may need to be purchased. If the bunion is large, it may cause the other toes to shift toward each other, which may result in pain and discomfort. Additional symptoms that can accompany a bunion can include calluses forming on the second toe, inflamed skin on the big toe, and the toes may be hard to move. There may be a decreased range of motion in the big toe, and patients may experience chronic pain. Mild relief may be found when the correct size and style shoes are worn, and a protective covering may be put over the bunion which may help to reduce friction. A podiatrist is qualified to diagnose and treat bunions, and it is strongly suggested that you confer with this type of doctor if you have this foot condition.

If you are suffering from bunion pain, contact Dr. Castillo of Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is a Bunion?

Bunions are painful bony bumps that usually develop on the inside of the foot at the joint of the big toe. As the deformity increases over time, it may become painful to walk and wear shoes. Women are more likely to exacerbate existing bunions since they often wear tight, narrow shoes that shift their toes together. Bunion pain can be relieved by wearing wider shoes with enough room for the toes.

Causes

  • Genetics – some people inherit feet that are more prone to bunion development
  • Inflammatory Conditions - rheumatoid arthritis and polio may cause bunion development

Symptoms

  • Redness and inflammation
  • Pain and tenderness
  • Callus or corns on the bump
  • Restricted motion in the big toe

In order to diagnose your bunion, your podiatrist may ask about your medical history, symptoms, and general health. Your doctor might also order an x-ray to take a closer look at your feet. Nonsurgical treatment options include orthotics, padding, icing, changes in footwear, and medication. If nonsurgical treatments don’t alleviate your bunion pain, surgery may be necessary.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Shockwave Therapy May Help Plantar Fasciitis

The plantar fascia is located on the bottom of the foot, and connects the heel to the toes. Inflammation of the plantar fascia can cause a condition that is known as plantar fasciitis which may happen from repeated stress as a result of participating in running and jumping activities. It can affect the heel, and it is often difficult to walk. There is a treatment method that is referred to as shockwave therapy, and it may be useful in healing plantar fasciitis. It is performed by administering shockwaves to the affected area, which is typically painless. Patients are generally required to undergo three to five treatments, and relief may be found soon after it begins. Research has indicated results may be seen more quickly when it is diagnosed in the beginning stages. If you suffer from plantar fasciitis, it is suggested that you consult with a podiatrist who can determine if this is an effective form of treatment for you.

Shockwave therapy is a treatment commonly used to treat various injuries and conditions, particularly plantar fasciitis in the feet. To learn more, consult with Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Shockwave Therapy

Shockwave therapy is a new treatment option designed to treat bone conditions such as tennis elbow, shoulder pain, and others. Shockwave therapy uses high intensity sound waves that are directed to the affected tissues of the body with pinpoint accuracy. The effects are very beneficial, leading to a production of collagen fibers, eliminating inflammation.

Who Benefits from Shockwave?

Shockwave is recommended for patients suffering from heel pain and associated problems. Heel pain is a common condition which can be caused by obesity, overexertion, and spending a substantial amount of time on hard floors with your feet exposed and unsupported.

Fast and Easy

The therapy is actually a simple process that can leave patients feeling better the very next day. Shockwave therapy is not as dramatic as it sounds. It enables more blood flow to effected areas, addressing the source of the problem and allowing treatment to last for a long time.

Treatment & Recovery Time

Shockwave treatment will enable your feet to recover quickly. This is especially important since surgery is not required. It is cost effective and does not require the use of anesthesia. This treatment is a better option to surgery, since it is proven safe.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Wounds That Don't Heal Need to Be Checked

Your feet are covered most of the day. If you're diabetic, periodic screening is important for good health. Numbness is often a sign of diabetic foot and can mask a sore or wound.

The Benefits of Custom Orthotics

Orthoses, commonly called orthotics, are inner soles that are placed in the shoes. Some types are prefabricated and available for purchase in retail stores, and others are custom-made by a podiatrist. Research has shown that custom orthotics are generally more helpful in reducing foot pain and correcting other foot issues. If you have tried store-bought orthotics and are not finding relief, it may be time to consult a podiatrist. A foot examination may include testing the range of motion, muscle strength, and bone structure. Your walking pattern, which is known as the gait, will be assessed, along with a discussion of what may be causing the pain you are experiencing. Other factors, such as the type of shoes that are worn, lifestyle choices, activities, and work conditions will be considered. A cast or scan is then taken, and the orthotic is crafted specifically for your foot. This may address toe and foot deformities, arch problems, gait abnormalities, and heel problems. For more information on custom orthoses, please consult a podiatrist. 

If you are having discomfort in your feet and would like to try orthotics, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Are Orthotics?

Orthotics are inserts you can place into your shoes to help with a variety of foot problems such as flat feet or foot pain. Orthotics provide relief and comfort for minor foot and heel pain but can’t correct serious biomechanical problems in your feet.

Over-the-Counter Inserts

Orthotics come in a wide variety of over-the-counter inserts that are used to treat foot pain, heel pain, and minor problems. For example, arch supports can be inserted into your shoes to help correct overarched or flat feet, while gel insoles are often used because they provide comfort and relief from foot and heel pain by alleviating pressure.

Prescription Orthotics

If over-the-counter inserts don’t work for you or if you have a more severe foot concern, it is possible to have your podiatrist prescribe custom orthotics. These high-quality inserts are designed to treat problems such as abnormal motion, plantar fasciitis, and severe forms of heel pain. They can even be used to help patients suffering from diabetes by treating foot ulcers and painful calluses and are usually molded to your feet individually, which allows them to provide full support and comfort.

If you are experiencing minor to severe foot or heel pain, it’s recommended to speak with your podiatrist about the possibilities of using orthotics. A podiatrist can determine which type of orthotic is right for you and allow you to take the first steps towards being pain-free.

If you have any questions please contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Ankle Sprains Among Student Athletes

Ankle sprains are thought to be the most common sports injuries among student-athletes. A sprain occurs when a ligament is stretched beyond its normal range, resulting in a tear or rupture. The outer ligament in the ankle, which helps to stabilize the joint, is usually the one injured. This can happen when the side of the foot turns under, thereby putting excess stress on the ligament. Among the symptoms are pain, tenderness, swelling, inability to bear weight, restricted range of motion, and a popping sound at the time of injury. An ankle sprain, whether mild, moderate, or severe, must be taken seriously if the ankle joint is to heal thoroughly. However, if the ankle is not treated or allowed to fully heal before resuming activity, the student is at risk of developing chronic ankle instability. If your student-athlete has sprained an ankle, it is a good idea to consult a podiatrist for a complete exam and diagnosis.

Ankle sprains are common but need immediate attention. If you need your feet checked, contact Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

How Does an Ankle Sprain Occur?

Ankle sprains take place when the ligaments in your ankle are torn or stretched beyond their limits. There are multiple ways that the ankle can become injured, including twisting or rolling over onto your ankle, putting undue stress on it, or causing trauma to the ankle itself.

What Are the Symptoms?

  • Mild to moderate bruising
  • Limited mobility
  • Swelling
  • Discoloration of the skin (depending on severity)

Preventing a Sprain

  • Wearing appropriate shoes for the occasion
  • Stretching before exercises and sports
  • Knowing your limits

Treatment of a Sprain

Treatment of a sprain depends on the severity.  Many times, people are told to rest and remain off their feet completely, while others are given an air cast. If the sprain is very severe, surgery may be required.

If you have suffered an ankle sprain previously, you may want to consider additional support such as a brace and regular exercises to strengthen the ankle.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Pinched Nerves Can Cause a Variety of Uncomfortable Symptoms

A pinched, or compressed, nerve can occur anywhere in your foot, such as in the heel, ball, or even on the bottom. A pinched nerve can produce pain or sensations of tingling, numbness, weakness, or the feeling that your foot has fallen asleep. The pain may radiate out to the toes or arches and become noticeable after exercising, walking, or standing for a while. What causes a nerve in your foot to become pinched? Injuries, medical conditions, tight ligaments, inflamed tendons, wearing tight shoes, obesity, or nerve entrapment conditions such as Morton’s neuroma. Switching footwear, resting, icing, immobilizing the area, or massaging it can sometimes provide temporary relief. However, if the symptoms persist or worsen, a podiatrist should examine your foot and run tests to determine the cause of your condition. Taking prompt, appropriate action will help reduce the risk of permanent nerve damage. 

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Dr. Castillo from Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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Where Are Seed Corns Found?

Corns can cause severe pain and discomfort. They are defined as small patches of hardened skin that develop as a result of excess friction typically from wearing shoes and socks that are too tight. There are certain medical conditions that may lead to corns. Patients who have hammertoe and bunions may find that corns develop on top of the extended joints. There are three categories of corns consisting of hard, soft, and seed corns. If you notice a corn on the bottom of your foot, it most likely is a seed corn. The medical term for this type of corn is heloma milliare and they develop due to dry skin. Other characteristics of a seed corn can include multiple corns in one area, and they may appear circular and smaller than other types of corns. Soft corns are found between the toes and remain moist from the sweat that is found there. A hard corn can develop on the side of the pinky toe or on top of the other toes from excess friction. If you have corns on your feet, please seek the expert advice of a podiatrist who can offer you the correct treatment options.

Corns can make walking very painful and should be treated immediately. If you have questions regarding your feet and ankles, contact Dr. Castillo of Bronx Foot Care. Our doctor will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Corns: What Are They? And How Do You Get Rid of Them?
Corns are thickened areas on the skin that can become painful. They are caused by excessive pressure and friction on the skin. Corns press into the deeper layers of the skin and are usually round in shape.

Ways to Prevent Corns
There are many ways to get rid of painful corns such as:

  • Wearing properly fitting shoes that have been measured by a professional
  • Wearing shoes that are not sharply pointed or have high heels
  • Wearing only shoes that offer support

Treating Corns

Although most corns slowly disappear when the friction or pressure stops, this isn’t always the case. Consult with your podiatrist to determine the best treatment option for your case of corns.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Bronx, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Everything You Need to Know About Corns

Do Your Child's Feet Hurt?

Have your child's feet been examined lately? Healthy feet are happy feet. If your child is complaining of foot pain, it may be a sign of underlying problems.

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